PSYCHOLOGY CLASS XII
Time : 3 Hours, one paper, 70 Marks
|Psychology, Self and Society|
|I. Intelligence and Aptitude||09|
|II. Self and Personality||10|
|III. Human Strengths and meeting the Life Challenges||07|
|IV. Psychological Disorders||10|
|V. Therapeutic Approaches||07|
|VI. Attitude and Social Cognition||08|
|VII. Social Influence and Group Processes||07|
|VIII. Environmental and Social concerns||06|
|IX. Professional Skills for Psychologists||06|
|Practicals (Psychological testing, Case Profile etc.)||30|
Unit I : Intelligence and Aptitude (09 Marks)
The unit aims at studying how people differ with respect to intelligence and aptitude. Individual differences in intelligence: Theories of Intelligence; Culture and Intelligence; Emotional intelligence; Aptitude: Nature and types: Assessment of psychological attributes.
Unit II : Self and Personality (10 Marks)
This unit focuses on the study of self and personality in the context of different approaches in an effort to appraise the person. The assessment of personality will also be discussed.
Aspects of self: self concept: Self-esteem and Self-regulation; Culture and self; Personality: Concept; Approaches to Personality: Type and Trait, Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Behavioural and Cultural; Assessment of Personality: Self-report Measures, Behavioural Analysis, and Projective Measures.
Unit III : Human Strengths and Meeting Life Challenges (07 Marks)
This unit deals with the nature of stress and how responses to stress depend on an individual’s appraisal of stressors. Strategies to cope with stress will also be dealt with.
Life challenge and adjustment; Concept of adaptation; Human strengths and virtues: Nature, types and effects on psychological functioning; Coping with stress; Concepts of health and well-being; Life style, health and well-being.
Unit IV: Psychological Disorders (10 Marks)
This unit discusses the concepts of normality and abnormality and the major psychological disorders.
Concepts of abnormality and psychological disorder, Causal factors associated with abnormal behaviour, Classification of disorder, Major psychological disorders: Anxiety, Somato-form Dissociative, Mood, Schizophrenic, Developmental and Behavioural Substance Related.
Unit V : Therapeutic Approaches (07 Marks)
This unit discuses the goals, techniques and effectiveness of different approaches to treat psychological disorders.
Nature and process of therapy; Nature of therapeutic relationship; Types of therapies: Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Cognitive, Behaviour; Alternative therapies: Yoga, Meditation; Zen; Rehabilitation of mentally ill people.
Unit VI : Attitude and Social Cognition (08 Marks)
This unit focuses on the formation and change of attitudes, cultural influences on attributional tendencies and conditions influencing pro-social behaviour.
Explaining behaviour through attributions; Social cognition; Schemas and stereotypes;
Impression formation; Nature and components of attitudes; Attitude formation and change;
Behaviour in the presence of others: Pro-social Behaviour; Prejudice and discrimination; Strategies for handling prejudice.
Unit VII : Social Influence and Group Processes (07 Marks)
The unit deals with the concept of group, its functions and the dynamics of social influence process like conformity, obedience and compliance. Different conflict resolution strategies will also be discussed.
Influence Processess: Nature of Conformity, Obedience, and Compliance: Cooperation and Competition; Groups: Nature, formation and types; Influence of group on individual behaviour; Social identity; Inter-Group Conflict; Conflict Resolution Strategies.
Unit VIII: Environmental and Social Concerns (06 Marks)
This unit focuses on the application of psychological understanding to some important social issues. Human- environment relationship; Environmental effects on human behaviour. Noise, pollution, crowding, natural disasters, social issue: Aggression and Violence; Social Inequality and Poverty; Media and human values; Promoting pro-environmental behaviour, Human rights and citizenship; Peace.
Unit IX: Professional Skills for a Psychologist (06 Marks)
This unit deals with some effective psychological and interpersonal skills for facilitating personal-social development.
Psychological skills: Observation, Interviewing, Testing, Counseling and Communication.
Psychological testing Practicals (30 Marks)
The students shall be required to prepare one case profile and conduct 5 practicals related to the topics covered in the course. The case profile will include developmental history of the subject, using both qualitative (observation, interview) and quantitative (Psychological testing) approaches. Practicals would involve using standardised psychological assessment devices in different domains (e.g. intelligence, personality, aptitude, adjustment, attitude, self-concept, and anxiety).
Distribution of Marks:
- Reporting file including case profile: 05 Marks
- Viva Voce : 05 Marks
- Two practicals 10 marks each
(5 for accurate conduct and 5 for reporting)